The Internet of Things (IoT) is a phrase that refers to the growing ecosystems of online, linked gadgets with which we share our environment. The relatively unusual name alludes to the fact that the internet’s earliest form was merely a network of linked computers. Phones, office equipment such as printers and scanners, and industrial gear were added to the internet as it evolved. The internet of “things” refers to the reality that almost every gadget we use in our homes, businesses, factories, or just wear on our bodies may now be online and linked.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a movement that is propelling society’s continual digitalization and datafication in a variety of new and exciting ways. These networks of linked things have made self-driving vehicles, autonomous manufacturing robots, and remote medical gadgets that allow physicians to diagnose patients and even perform surgery possible. According to Ericsson, there will be roughly 29 billion of these devices linked to the internet worldwide by 2022. So, let’s have a look at some of the most important drivers and advancements in this industry in the year 2022:
IoT in healthcare
Given the events of the previous two years, it’s no surprise that healthcare has been one of the most active areas of IoT research. Of course, it’s a broad use case, encompassing anything from the usage of cameras in public places to monitor social distance, fitness bands and trackers to measure lifestyles, and the rise in telemedicine and remote healthcare use. Blood pressure and heart rate monitors, insulin pumps, wheelchairs, defibrillators, and oxygen pumps are all regularly connected now, allowing them to collect data to assist physicians in better understanding illnesses and patient lifestyles, as well as act independently to improve user quality of life.
Medical practitioners may collect data on patients’ conditions using IoT devices in the healthcare industry without the hazards that come with bringing big groups of potentially contagious people together in close proximity. They also allow clinicians to examine, diagnose, and treat a larger number of patients, as well as spread healthcare to areas where physical access to doctors or hospitals is difficult owing to distance or difficulty of access.
Edge computing and the Internet of Things are inextricably linked. Simply defined, it means designing devices with on-board analytics capabilities, allowing computation to take place as near to the source of the data being analyzed as feasible. This makes sense primarily in the context of cloud computing, where data is collected by essentially “dumb” sensors like simple cameras or microphones and transferred to the cloud for analysis. Smart sensors, such as cameras with computer vision capabilities or microphones with natural language processing functionalities, are used in edge devices.
The apparent benefit is that computing can be done considerably faster, and lowering the quantity of data sent to the cloud and back lowers network congestion. When we examine the privacy issues of pervasive IoT, another benefit becomes clear: if a gadget is collecting personal data, users have the peace of mind of knowing that they may access the insights it provides without it ever leaving their own custody. Thanks to the increasingly effective battery and user interface designs, a growing amount of computing power is becoming available in ever smaller and more power-efficient devices.
Because of the massive increase in the number of devices linked to the internet, there are an ever-increasing number of ways our technology may be hacked or abused by individuals with nefarious intentions. Every year, the number and magnitude of cyber-attacks grow – security researchers at Kaspersky estimate that 1.5 billion assaults on IoT devices occurred in the first half of 2021 – and it’s safe to assume that this trend will continue in 2022. Because IoT devices are sometimes not as secure as traditional devices for storing sensitive data, such as laptops or cellphones, they serve as access points to our personal networks.
Another threat vector comes from the fact that because the IoT is made up of “things”- sometimes very small, light things – those things can sometimes be lost or stolen, requiring an additional layer of security to protect against unauthorized users who have gained physical possession of your devices. Things are starting to change, though, with signs that manufacturers are tidying up their act when it comes to shipping devices with default passwords, and consumers are developing a better understanding of the risks.
Common attacks involve attempting denial-of-service (DDOS) by overloading systems with connection requests, causing them to break and possibly expose data, or “hijacking” compute power from devices, which can be used to create botnets that attack other systems or simply to mine cryptocurrencies. IoT isn’t just a security threat, though – by gathering data on network traffic and usage, connected devices provide fuel for algorithms that are used to predict and prevent cyber attacks.
IoT for Resilient Organizations
Following the enormous upheaval of the previous two years, resiliency is high on the agenda, and IoT technology offers a significant opportunity to construct more resilient and disaster-resistant enterprises. This includes elements such as ensuring a firm has the proper capabilities for dealing with broad change, such as the transition to home and remote working that we witnessed in 2020 and 2021, as well as ensuring it does not lose out due to competitors or market action.
IoT may improve supply chain resilience by tracking inventory movement between a company, its suppliers, and its consumers, for example, to predict potential delays and give contingency in the event of worldwide disruptions. Monitoring systems that track employee movements throughout facilities and monitor personnel productivity may be used to better understand workplace churn and predict where shortfalls, such as skills shortages, may indicate a business’s impending troubles. IoT solutions that help businesses forecast and respond to disruption from a variety of sources will definitely continue to be a key source of innovation in 2022 and beyond.
IoT in Business and Industry
The Internet of Things, sometimes known as the “industrial internet,” has tremendous ramifications for how we make items, deliver services, sell to consumers, and give support. Smart manufacturing and logistics facilities are becoming increasingly automated, and the availability of robots and IoT infrastructure “as-a-service” implies that in 2022, a growing number of smaller businesses will begin to capitalize on the prospects. Building IoT automation into business models allows firms to obtain a data-driven insight into their operations and processes, resulting in enhanced efficiency.
Wearable devices such as augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) headsets will increasingly be used for a number of use cases, including training, maintenance of equipment, and simulating processes via “digital twin” methodologies. In manufacturing operations, IoT technology includes sensors fitted to machinery in order to measure performance and enable predictive maintenance – predicting where failures and breakdowns will happen before they occur in order to more efficiently replace and repair faulty equipment. IoT tools also cover the emerging field of additive manufacturing techniques, such as 3D printing, which will provide increasingly innovative ways to build and create products, and allow greater levels of customization and personalization, while also minimizing waste.Home Automation >> Standalone Device Control >> In 2022 there will be five major Internet of Things (IoT) trends