To put it simply, “smart cities” make use of new technologies like 5G and IoT to design and offer connected solutions for a community’s well-being. While 5G technical advancements alone will not accelerate the development of smart cities, the new 5G infrastructure substantially extends cities’ ability to use smart devices, sensors, and data to improve operations and functions.
Everything from smart sensors to self-driving cars can now connect at extraordinarily high speeds with minimal latency and without being attached to an Ethernet cable thanks to 5G, the latest wireless technology, resulting in more efficient systems and resources.
So, why is 5G technology vital to the advancement of smart cities?
- Public Safety and Security. Officers and emergency officials will be able to locate and receive real-time information regarding accidents and emergency calls from intelligent sensors that are placed throughout the city.
- Mobility. 5G networks will provide faster and lower latency connectivity for public transit systems, making it easier for autonomous vehicles and people to navigate cities.
- Traffic Management. The combination of 5G networks and IoT devices are expected to intelligently track and manage traffic flows, monitor road conditions, and reduce traffic congestion.
- Energy Efficiency. 5G creates huge opportunities for connected devices within buildings and cities to help track, monitor, and control energy. This helps buildings and cities better manage their energy supply, save money, and become more sustainable.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a critical component in enabling a complete, fully functional smart city, alongside 5G technology. In its most basic form, the Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of interconnected objects that interact and share data — this might range from linked automobiles to street light sensors. Businesses, cities, and people may use IoT technology to monitor, manage, and control connected devices, as well as collect real-time data, analytics, and insights.
Some IoT applications in smart cities include:
- Energy Management
- Air Quality Management
- Traffic Monitoring & Management
- Connected Public Transport
- Connected Streetlights
- Weather Monitoring
- Waste Management
Smart Buildings and Smart Cities Integration
Smart buildings are becoming an increasingly important part of smart cities as IoT becomes more widespread. Traditional building management systems (BMS) are becoming obsolete as a result of recent technology breakthroughs, while building owners and managers have always been on the hunt for new and better methods to save expenses and enhance energy efficiency. Why? Wire-based networks in buildings not only hit their bandwidth limits rapidly, but they also incur additional expenses and add complexity. Smart buildings can now analyse and monitor operations using wireless technology, IoT devices, building automation, and data analytics, while also functioning more cost-effectively and efficiently.
Through IoT sensors, automation, and remote management, building owners and managers can deploy various devices across a facility to capture real-time data and insights regarding building management and functions, empowering them with unparalleled visibility into their building operations. Looking specifically at energy efficiency, facility owners and managers can now see exactly how and where energy is being used across a building.
Along with energy efficiency, wireless IoT sensors can monitor facility health and air quality. As people begin to return to the office post-pandemic, the importance of monitoring facility health and air quality is significant. In this regard, IoT sensors ensure building managers and businesses maintain a healthy working environment through advanced systems.
Finally, when it comes to data, maintaining IoT security at scale is critical. Asset management is critical for ensuring that IoT devices and networks stay safe and functioning since it performs frequent and vital IoT security audits.